Test Structure & Format
ACT: 3 hrs 40 mins (optional essay is 40 mins)
SAT: 3 hrs 50 mins (optional essay is 50 mins)
ACT: 4 sections (English, Math, Reading, Science &
an Optional Essay)
SAT: 4 sections (Reading, Writing & Language, 2 Math
sections & an Optional Essay)
Wrong Answer Penalty
ACT: No penalty for wrong answers
SAT: No penalty for wrong answers
ACT: The exam is out of 36 pts. The test-taker's
"composite" score is calculated by adding the scores
from each section (36 pts/ea) & dividing by 4. If the
optional essay is chosen, test-takers will be given a
separate English Language Arts or "ELA" score.
The "ELA" score is calculated by adding the scores of
The Writing, Reading & Essay sections & dividing by 4.
SAT: The exam is out of 1600 pts. The test-taker's score is
calculated by adding the scores from the 2 verbal
sections (total 800 pts) & the scores from the 2 math
sections (total 800 pts). If the optional essay is
chosen, test takers will be given a separate "essay
"only" score. The "essay only" score is not combined
with the Reading + Language & Arts score.
ACT: Many collleges do not super score ACT test results.
Colleges take the "composite" score from the test
date(s) the test-taker submits.
SAT: Most colleges do super score SAT test results.
Colleges combine the best score from each section
of each test date submitted.
Scores Sent to Colleges
ACT: The test-taker decides which test date score(s) to
submit to colleges.
SAT: The College Board sends the scores from all the tests
taken unless the test-taker selects "Score Choice".
(If the test-taker selects "Score Choice" only the
scores from the test date(s) selected will be sent to
colleges. However, an "SC" will appear on the test-
taker's SAT score report so colleges will know that
"Score Choice" was selected. (Please note that some
colleges do not accept "Score Choice").